NDP3 is based on a motor skills learning approach, with a particular emphasis on motor programming skills.
The main focus is on speech output, but input and representational levels of speech processing are also recognised.
It can be described as a “bottom up” approach, in that the aim is to “build” accurate speech from core units of single speech sounds (phonemes) and simple syllables.
New motor programs for single phonemes and words of different levels of phonotactic structures are created and perfected using cues and feedback. They are established as stored representations by associating them with pictorial images and through frequent practice and repetitive sequencing exercises.
As speech is not only a motor skill, but also a linguistic medium, phonological skills are incorporated into the treatment approach through the use of worksheets organised as minimal pairs of words.
Pam Williams gives a 5-minute lightning talk about NDP3 at the sixth Therapy Ideas Live event at University College London